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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 40(5); 2019 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 2019;40(5): 31-42.
doi: https://doi.org/10.5723/kjcs.2019.40.5.31
유아의 실행기능이 단어형 미래계획기억 과제와 범주형 미래계획기억 과제 수행에 미치는 영향
박소연1 , 송하나2
1성균관대학교 아동·청소년학과 석사
2성균관대학교 아동·청소년학과 교수
The Influence of Executive Function on Prospective Memory in Word- and Category-Based Tasks
So Yeon Park1 , Hana Song2
1M. A., Department of Child Psychology and Education, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, Korea
2Professor, Department of Child Psychology and Education, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence :  Hana Song ,Email: jni4ever@skku.edu
Received: July 31, 2019  Revised: September 9, 2019   Accepted: October 17, 2019
Abstract
Objectives:
This study aimed to investigate the influence of executive function on the development of prospective memory in young children.
Methods:
The participants of this study included 47 preschool children aged 4 and 5 years. Children completed word- and category-based tasks that measured prospective memory. The following tasks were also used to assess executive function in children: Flanker, day/night, backward digit span, and dimensional change card sort tasks.
Results:
The inhibitory control and working memory of children significantly predicted prospective memory measured by the word-based task. Inhibition particularly accounted for prospective memory in the category-based task.
Conclusion:
The findings demonstrated the influence of the components of executive function on the prospective memory of young children in the preoperational period.
Key Words: prospective memory, executive function, inhibition, working memory, shifting
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