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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 40(5); 2019 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 2019;40(5): 31-42.
doi: https://doi.org/10.5723/kjcs.2019.40.5.31
유아의 실행기능이 단어형 미래계획기억 과제와 범주형 미래계획기억 과제 수행에 미치는 영향
박소연1 , 송하나2
1성균관대학교 아동·청소년학과 석사
2성균관대학교 아동·청소년학과 교수
The Influence of Executive Function on Prospective Memory in Word- and Category-Based Tasks
So Yeon Park1 , Hana Song2
1M. A., Department of Child Psychology and Education, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, Korea
2Professor, Department of Child Psychology and Education, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence :  Hana Song ,Email: jni4ever@skku.edu
Received: July 31, 2019  Revised: September 9, 2019   Accepted: October 17, 2019
This study aimed to investigate the influence of executive function on the development of prospective memory in young children.
The participants of this study included 47 preschool children aged 4 and 5 years. Children completed word- and category-based tasks that measured prospective memory. The following tasks were also used to assess executive function in children: Flanker, day/night, backward digit span, and dimensional change card sort tasks.
The inhibitory control and working memory of children significantly predicted prospective memory measured by the word-based task. Inhibition particularly accounted for prospective memory in the category-based task.
The findings demonstrated the influence of the components of executive function on the prospective memory of young children in the preoperational period.
Key Words: prospective memory, executive function, inhibition, working memory, shifting
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