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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 15(1); 1994 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 1994;15(1): 37-53.
아동의 성 도식과 성관련 과제의 기억 및 선호
정순화, 정옥분
The Influence of Gender Schema on Children's Memory and Preference for Gender Related Tasks
Soon Hwa Chung,Ock Boon Chung
Abstract
The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the validity of a component model of gender role and differences in children`s gender concepts with age and sex. The secondary purpose was to investigate the relationship between children`s gender schema and memory as well as preference for gender related task. 181 children were interviewed about gender concepts and gender related tasks. Results indicated that three dimensions of the component model (i. e., gender label-component links, within-component links, between-component links) were significantly related to each other. The mean scores of gender role knowledge and attitude were different with age but not with sex. The results of the regression analysis showed that children`s age, sex, and gender role attitude explained both memory and preference for gender related tasks. The component model had better explanatory power than the simple model. The findings of the present study suggest that children`s gender concepts are better described in terms of the component model than the simple model and may contribute to a theoretical rationale for gender schema theory.
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