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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 35(6); 2014 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 2014;35(6): 65-78.
doi: https://doi.org/10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.6.65
유아의 의도적 통제와 작업기억이 정서조절에 미치는 영향 : 성의 조절효과 검증
최은아 , 송하나
The Influences of Effortful Control and Working Memory on Emotion Regulation in Preschool Children : The Analysis of Moderating Effect of Child Sex
Eunah Choi , Hana Song
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between preschooler`s sex, effortful control, working memory, and emotion regulation. The moderating effect of sex in the influences of effortful control and working memory on emotion regulation was also investigated. Eighty-eight children from the ages of 3 to 5 years participated in this study. A working memory task of the Korean Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children IV(K-WISC-IV; Kwak, Oh, & Kim, 2011) was administered to the children. Their parents completed a very short form of the Children`s Behavior Questionnaire(Putnam & Rothbart, 2006) and Emotion Regulation Checklist(Shields & Cicchetti, 1997). The results indicated that effortful control significantly predicted emotion regulation. Additionally the moderating effect of sex on the relationship between working memory and emotion regulation was significant. Specifically, the influence of working memory on emotion regulation was significant only in boys, but not in girls. This result suggested that effortful control has an effect on emotion regulation in a stable manner whereas working memory has different effects on the influence of emotion regulation according to sex.
Key Words: effortful control, working memory, emotion regulation, preschool children, sex
주요어: 의도적 통제, 작업기억, 정서조절, 유아,
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