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 Korean J Child Stud > Volume 16(1); 1995 > Article
 Korean Journal of Child Studies 1995;16(1): 99-112.
 유아의 기질 및 어머니의 양육행동과 모자 애착행동간의 관계 홍계옥, 정옥분 Relationships between Patterns of Attachment , Temperament , and Their Mothers' Parenting Behavior among Kindergarten Children Kye Ok Hong,Ock Boon Chung Abstract This study aimed (1) to classify Korean kindergarten childrens attachment to their mothers based on a system for classifying attachment organization developed by Main and Cassidy (1988), and (2) to investigate the relationship of attachment and temperament and mothers child rearing behavior. 76 kindergarteners and their mothers were observed and videotaped in the strange situation. The modified PTQ(Parent and Teacher Temperament Questionnaire) for children 3-7 years of age and the IPBI(Iowa Parent Behavior Inventory: Mother Form) were administered respectively to 76 mothers to assess their parenting behavior and their childrens temperament. The data were analyzed by percentiles, Pearsons correlations, and canonical correlation analysis. Results indicated that there was a little difference between the attachment classification of Main and Cassidy(1988) and that of Korean kindergarten children. There were significant correlations between childrens temperament and the attachment to their mother. And mothers parenting behavior was significantly related to the security of attachment. The canonical correlation analysis indicated that independent variables all together accounted for about 7.5% of the variation in attachment-variables.
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