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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 16(1); 1995 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 1995;16(1): 99-112.
유아의 기질 및 어머니의 양육행동과 모자 애착행동간의 관계
홍계옥, 정옥분
Relationships between Patterns of Attachment , Temperament , and Their Mothers' Parenting Behavior among Kindergarten Children
Kye Ok Hong,Ock Boon Chung
This study aimed (1) to classify Korean kindergarten childrens` attachment to their mothers based on a system for classifying attachment organization developed by Main and Cassidy (1988), and (2) to investigate the relationship of attachment and temperament and mothers` child rearing behavior. 76 kindergarteners and their mothers were observed and videotaped in the strange situation. The modified PTQ(Parent and Teacher Temperament Questionnaire) for children 3-7 years of age and the IPBI(Iowa Parent Behavior Inventory: Mother Form) were administered respectively to 76 mothers to assess their parenting behavior and their children`s temperament. The data were analyzed by percentiles, Pearson`s correlations, and canonical correlation analysis. Results indicated that there was a little difference between the attachment classification of Main and Cassidy(1988) and that of Korean kindergarten children. There were significant correlations between children`s temperament and the attachment to their mother. And mothers` parenting behavior was significantly related to the security of attachment. The canonical correlation analysis indicated that independent variables all together accounted for about 7.5% of the variation in attachment-variables.
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