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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 40(5); 2019 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 2019;40(5): 55-68.
doi: https://doi.org/10.5723/kjcs.2019.40.5.55
부모의 불안이 아동의 불안에 미치는 영향: 과보호 양육과 아동의 인지적 왜곡의 매개효과 검증
김영미1 , 송하나2
1성균관대학교 아동·청소년학과 겸임교수
2성균관대학교 아동·청소년학과 교수
The Influence of Parents’ Anxiety on Children’s Anxiety: Mediation Effects of Parents’ Overprotection and Children’s Cognitive Distortions
Youngmi Kim1 , Hana Song2
1Instructor, Department of Child Psychology and Education, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, Korea
2Professor, Department of Child Psychology and Education, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence :  Youngmi Kim ,Email: nada03001@skku.edu
Received: August 31, 2019  Revised: September 25, 2019   Accepted: October 1, 2019
Abstract
Objectives:
This study examined the relationship between parents’ and children’s anxiety and the mediation effects of parents’ overprotection and children’s cognitive distortions.
Methods:
The participants were 414 children in fourth, fifth, and sixth grade in elementary schools and their parents. Structural equation modeling was used to analyze the data.
Results:
First, children’s cognitive distortions and parents’ overprotection were found to directly affect the children’s anxiety. Parents’ overprotection also affected the children’s anxiety and was mediated by cognitive distortions. However, only the mother’s anxiety significantly predicted a child’s anxiety.
Conclusion:
Findings suggest that there is an intergenerational transmission of anxiety, and early intervention and prevention approaches may be helpful.
Key Words: anxiety, overprotection, cognitive distortion, bias, anxiety control beliefs
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