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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 25(4); 2004 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 2004;25(4): 17-32.
아동의 기질과 어머니의 양육행동에 따른 아동의 자기-유능감 차이에 관한 연구 -조건모델에 근거하여-
최영희
Differences of Child`s Self-Competence by Temperament and Mother`s Nurturing Behavior: The Conditional Model
Young Hee Choi
Abstract
Factor analysis of data collected from 336 elementary school children provided difficuitness and susceptibility as the temperament factors, and affect and control as the nurturing factors. Results showed that non-susceptible children with low controlling mother perceived their cognitive competence positively while highly susceptible children showed no differences in their self-competence by mothers` controlling behavior. Perceived cognitive competence of susceptible boys and of susceptible 3rd graders were low when their mothers asserted low control. Thus, mothers` controlling behavior supported perceived cognitive competence in highly susceptible boys and 3rd graders. That is, the effect of mother`s behavior on child`s self-competence was moderated by child`s characteristics. These results partially supported the Conditional Model.
Key Words: child`s temperament, nurturing behavior, self-competence, Conditional Model
주요어: 아동의 기질, 양육행동, 자기-유능감, 조건모델
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