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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 25(3); 2004 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 2004;25(3): 41-57.
아동의 특질불안, 우울, 걱정증상과 상위인지와의 관계
임경희
Metacognition: Its Relationship to Children`s Worry, Deprssion, and Trait anxiety
Kyung Hee Lim
Abstract
The subjects in this study were 442 5th and 6th grade school children in Seoul. Data were analyzed by Pearson`s correlation, Stepwise Multiple Regression, and MANOVA. The principal findings were that worry, depression, and trait anxiety were positively related to metacognitive knowledge, particularly, meta-worry, positive beliefs about worry, negative beliefs about worry, lower appraisal about cognitive competence, and cognitive self-consciousness. These traits were also positively related to such metacognitive regulation strategies as worry displacement, self punishment, reappraisal, and social control. Metacognition influenced worry, depression, and trait anxiety; groups having more problems worry, depression, and trait anxiety showed high scores in metacognitive knowledge and metacognitive regulation strategies.
Key Words: metacognition, trait anxiety, depression, worry
주요어: 상위인지, 특질불안, 우울, 걱정
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