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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 25(6); 2004 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 2004;25(6): 105-115.
아동의 암묵적 기억의 발달: 개념적 범주생성 과제를 중심으로
장세희 , 최경숙
Development of Implicit Memory in Children with Category-Exemplar-Generation Task
Se Hee Jang , Kyoung Sook Choi
The 60 subjects of this study were 3rd, and 6th grade elementary and undergraduate university students. The instrument of 44 items had two typical and two atypical exemplars from 11 semantic categories. Each subject was exposed individually to the word list and asked to categorize each item. At test, subjects generated five items that came to mind in each category. Data was analyzed by 2-way ANOVA, age (3) x category of typicality (2). All main effects and the interaction effect between age and typicality were significant. There were no significant differences among age groups on typical lists while significant differences between university and elementary school students (Grades 3 and 6) were found on atypical lists. Thus, the knowledge base might be an important factor in implicit memory.
Key Words: implicit memory, category typicality, knowledge base
주요어: 암묵적 기억, 범주전형성, 지식기반
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