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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 12(2); 1991 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 1991;12(2): 78-93.
아동용 기질 측정도구의 개발연구
The Development of a Scale for the Measurement of Children's Temperament
Hee Young Chon
The purpose of this study was to develop a rating scale for measuring children`s temperament. The subjects were 622(324 boys and 298 girls) 3-to 7-year-old children. The temperament rating scale was composed of 50 items(4-point Liken scales) was based on mother`s interview. RITQ and PTQ. The raters were the subjects` mothers. The data were analysed on dimensions of validity, reliability, and item discrimination. Statisical methods were factor analysis, χ²-test, and calculations of Pearson`s r Cramer`s Ⅴ and Cronbach`s α. On validity 5 factors were extracted, which explained 84% of the total common variance. The 5 factors were named `malleability`, `activity`, `sensitive reactivity`, eating habits & physical constraints`, `physiological rhythmicity`, Regarding reliability. Cronbach`s α appeared between .66 and .81 among the 5 factors. Regarding item discrimination, the degree of discrimination on all 50 items was significant and acceptable.
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