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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 24(6); 2003 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 2003;24(6): 33-46.
과제 난이도에 따른 4세와 7세 아동의 자부심과 수치심 표현
김정민 , 유안진
Differences in 4- and 7-year-old Children`s Expression of Pride and Shame by Task Difficulty
Kim Jeong Min , Yu An Jin
This study investigated age differences in children`s expression of pride and shame by their age, and type and level of task difficulty when they succeeded of failed on tasks. The subjects were 55 4-year - old children from 2 day-care centers and 37 7-year-old children from I elementary school. Each child participated in pride and shame assessment sessions. Data were analyzed by repeated measures ANOVA, t-test, paired t-test, Pearson`s correlations. When they succeeded on tasks, 4-year-olds showed more pride than 7-year-olds. More pride was shown when subjects succeeded on difficult than on easy tasks. An interaction effect for pride was found between age, and type and level of task difficulty. Seven-year-olds showed more shame than 4-year-olds when they failed on tasks. More shame was shown when subjects failed on easy than on difficult tasks. The expression of pride was positively related to the expression of shame.
Key Words: pride, shame, type of task difficulty, level of task difficulty
주요어: 자부심, 수치심, 과제 난이도 종료, 과제 난이도 수준
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