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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 23(5); 2002 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 2002;23(5): 1-17.
부호화와 인출시의 구조적 강조가 아동의 유추문제해결에 미치는 영향
김민화 , 최경숙
The Influence of Structural Highlighting Conditions on Analogical Problem Solving
Min Hwa Kim , Kyoung Sook Choi
Abstract
The influence on children`s analogical problem solving of structural highlighting during encoding and retrieval of sources was studied with 379 9-year-old participants. Performance on the first 2 of 4 tests determined the analogical level of each child. For the remaining 2 tests, the child was assigned to 1 of 12 different structural highlighting conditions, including 4 encoding conditions (reading, line, self-line, and self-explain) and 3 retrieval conditions (reminding, cued, and thematic comparison). Results showed that retrieval conditions, not encoding conditions, improved the analogical ability of the child. Children initially low in analogical ability improved in cued retrieval conditions; children initially high in analogical ability improved both in thematically compared and in cued retrieval conditions. Practical implications of the results were discussed.
Key Words: encoding, retrieval, structural highlighting, analogical problem solving
주요어: 부호화, 인출, 구조적 강조, 유추문제해결
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