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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 15(2); 1994 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 1994;15(2): 195-211.
가족 구조가 아동의 정서 행동문제에 미치는 영향에 관한 일 연구
The Effects of Family Structure on Children's Emotional and Behavioural Problems
Hye Jung Hwang
This study was designed to examine the effects of family structure (nuclear, extended family) on children`s behavioral and emotional problems. The subjects of this study were 650 primary school children aged 8 to 13 living in Seoul and Incheon (324 from nuclear and 326 from extended families). The Children`s Behaviour Questionnaire (CBQ: Rutter, 1970) and a questionnaire containing demographic questions and some additional questions were used for instruments. For the analyses, frequencies, descriptives, chi-square, factor analysis, and t-test were used. The results were analysed and explained in their cut-off points, prevalences, differences and factor structures. The cut-off score obtained in this study was 18, and the prevalences with this cut-off score were 6.3% in total subjects, 8.0% in nuclear families, and 4.6% in extended families. The children from extended families showed less behavioral and emotional problems, especially antisocial behaviours, compared with those from nuclear families, and this difference was significant (p<.05). The factor structures of the CBQ were `antisocial`, `neurotic`, `mannerism` and `speech` in total subjects, and, in the case of nuclear families, the factor structures were same as in total subjects, but, in the case of extended families, the `emotional anxiety` factor was included instead of the `speech` factor.
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