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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 16(1); 1995 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 1995;16(1): 133-146.
학습부진아와 학습평균아의 초인지적 문제 해결 과정 비교 연구
이기선, 우남희
Metacognitive Processes in the Problem Solving of Elementary School Children
Kee Seon Lee,Nam Hee Woo
The purpose of this study was to compare the metacognitive abilities of low and middle-achievers in elementary school. Forty-nine low-and fifty middle-achieving 6th graders were selected from two elementary schools in Seoul. The tower of Hanoi with three discs was used to explore the children`s abilities. The subjects were asked to move the three discs on a post to another post five times. All children`s performances on the Hanoi tower were video taped. KEDI-WISC, an intelligence test was also used to see whether the children`s intelligence scores affect their performances. The results showed that: (1) there was no significant difference between the two groups in the rate of success for the tasks; (2) low-achievers took more time to finish the tasks than middle-achievers, but the time difference decreased dramatically after the first trial; (3) no significant differences was found in self monitoring abilities, though the low-achievers needed more time to start monitoring themselves; (4) low-achievers had much more difficulty in representing the tasks; (5) the IQ scores of the middle-achievers were significantly higher than the low-achievers, but the IQ scores of low achievers were more scattered than those of middle-achievers; that is, IQ scores significantly affected the performance of the children.
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