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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 12(1); 1991 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 1991;12(1): 5-20.
아동의 정서적 , 인지적 조망수용능력의 발달에 관한 연구
김정진, 최경숙
The Development of Children's Emotional and Cognitive Perspective - taking Ability
Jung Jin Kim,Kyoung Sook Choi
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to investigate developmental tendencies and age-related differences in the relationship between children`s cognitive and emotional perspective-taking ability. The subjects were 4-year-old (N=60), 6-year-old (N=60) and 8-year-old (N=60) children. In each group, there were an equal number of boys and girls. Feshbach & Roe`s child perspective-taking ability test was modified for this study. The test included four facial expression cards and six different stories inducing three types of emotion: happy, sad and angry. This experiment consisted of a 3 (age) by 3 (emotional stories: happy, sad and angry) factorial design. The dependent measures were two response types: emotional and cognitive perspective-taking ability. The results showed that both cognitive and emotional perspective-taking ability increased with age. Happy emotional perspective-taking ability developed earlier than sad and angry perspective-taking ability. The correlation between cognitive and emotional perspective-taking ability increased with age.
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