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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 8(1); 1987 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 1987;8(1): 15-29.
아동의 항상성개념 발달에 관한 연구 - 자신 및 타인의 개인특성을 중심으로 -
김창하
Development of the Character Constancy Concept : Self and Others
Chang Ha Kim
Abstract
The purpose of the present research was to investigate (1) the acquisition of character constancy of self and others as a function of age; (2) the pattern of acquisition of character constancy, and (3) the relationships between character constancy and conservation of number and mass. The subjects of this study were 160 children, 20 boys and 20 girls at each grade level, kindergarten through grade 3. The Character Constancy Tasks devised by Rotenberg (1982) and conservation tasks of number and mass were administered to each child. Chi square, Gunman Scale analysis and Pearson`s Correlation were used for the statistical analysis of data. The findings showed that there was increase with age in character constancy of others and of self in that there was increase with age in children`s belief that the characteristics of another person are stable across time and consistent despite changes in a person`s appearance. Character constancy of others and of self were acquired in the developmental stages of identity, stability, and consistency. Character constancy of others and self correlated with the conservation of number and mass.
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