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 Korean J Child Stud > Volume 2; 1981 > Article
 Korean Journal of Child Studies 1981;2: 17-30.
 3 - 6세 아동의 행동발달과 부모의 기대에 관한 연구 박위상 A Study on Children ( 3 - 6 years old )'s Behavior Development and Parent's Expectation Wee Sang Park Abstract This study is designed to analyze the childs behaviour development and consider parents expectation toward it. In the research of the aspect of childs behaviour development, first, this study will analyze the change and development a child shows according to his age, sex, and the community where he is brought up, and then, the relationship between childs behaviour development and parents expectation toward it. (1) Childs Behaviour Development. a) According to Age. At the age of three ; In such behaviours as wiping nose, dressing, brushing teeth, putting on coat alone, going to toilet for B.M., going on errands, and playing contentedly alone, washing hands, greeting his elders, a child at the age of three to four shows a rapid development, and therefore it seems better to train a child in these behaviors age of three. At the age of four ; In such behaviors sharing cakes with friends, riding on a tricycle, a child shows great development, at the age of four to five, and therefore it seems better to train him in them at the age of four. At the age of five ; In such behaviors as combing hair, putting toys away in proper place, telephoning a child shows great development at the age of five to six, and therefore it seems better to train him in them at the age of five. b) According to sex and community. As a whole, there is little difference between sexes and the communities. It can be estimated from this that sex or the community has on the whole no great influence on the basic aspects of childs behavior development. (2) Parents expectation. On the whole parents expectation falls short of a childs development in behaviors ; especially, bathing himself, dressing, going to toilet for B. M, going to toilet to urinate, telephoning, etc. This tendency is consficuous in the case of three or four year old children. This results from parents protecting in excess their children and reducing the opportunities to encourage the childrens independence by delaying the babyhood. (3) The relationship between childs behaviour development and parents expectation. a) On the whole, the behaviour of a child is at a higher level than parents expectation. b) As a child grows from three years to six, his behaviour develops on the whole in accordance with the increase of parents expectation. But the level of the former is lower than that of the latter. c) According to computing a coefficient of correlation is as follows. 3 years old ; .84 4 years old ; .90 5 years old ; .87 6 years old ; .89 It shows there is a high correlation between childs Behaviour and Parents Expectation.
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