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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 32(5); 2011 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 2011;32(5): 67-84.
doi: https://doi.org/10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.5.67
부와 모의 통제가 남녀 아동의 자아존중감에 미치는 영향: 자율성의 매개적 역할
이미정 , 도현심 , 지연경
The Effects of Paternal and Maternal Control on Self-Esteem in School-Age Boys and Girls: The Mediating Role of Autonomy
Mi Jung Lee , Hyun Sim Doh , Yeon Kyung Chee
This study examined the effects of parental control and children`s autonomy on self-esteem, using a sample of 415 school-age children (208 boys and 207 girls) recruited in Seoul. Ordinary Least Square regressions revealed a variety of gender-based differences in the associations among these three variables. Boys with high maternal behavioral control had high levels of self-esteem, whereas girls under low paternal psychological and high behavioral control reported high levels of self-esteem. Boys with high maternal behavioral control and girls with high paternal behavioral control also reported high levels of autonomy. Autonomy was found to exert a positive impact on self-esteem for both boy and girls. Autonomy played a mediating role in the relationships between maternal behavioral control and self-esteem for boys, and between paternal behavioral control and self-esteem for girls. These findings highlight the differential influences of psychological control and behavioral control on autonomy and self-esteem, as well as the relative impact of the opposite sex parent on the development of autonomy and self-esteem in late childhood.
Key Words: paternal and maternal psychological control, paternal and maternal behavioral control, autonomy, self-esteem, school-age children
주요어: 부와 모의 심리적 통제, 부와 모의 행동적 통제, 자율성, 자아존중감, 학령기 아동
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