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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 26(1); 2005 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 2005;26(1): 91-105.
성리학의 아동교육 목적으로서 근본배양에 관한 연구
신동은
A Study on "Cultivation of the Fundamental" of the Xing-Li-Xue(性理學) as Aim of Child Education
Dong Eun Shin
Abstract
This study investigates the meaning, the method of "Cultivation of the fundamental" as aim of child education in context of the Xing-Li-Xue(性理學) educational theory. Chu-hsi understood the meaning of "Cultivation of the fundamental" as Ching(敬, the cultivation of good nature in human mind). The method of "Cultivation of the fundamental" consists of quiet sitting(정좌), attention(주의집중), moral environment(도덕적 환경) and practicing propriety(예의 실습). Through quiet sitting and attention, learners may reach a condition of mind which is free of their selfish desires and in which they can find out their original nature. The education in Confucianism accepts the environment as a significant element in forming human personality. Making moral environment has leaners to take good value with ease. Characteristic of study in Xing-Li-Xue is to emphasize to observe concrete clauses of propriety. The reason why Xing-Li-Xue emphasizes propriety is that Mind Study may be maintained through Body Study. In conclusion, the "Cultivation of the fundamental" in the Xing-Li-Xue is to form the power to regulate selfish desires and thus behave more moderately. Along these points, not only quiet sitting which relexes the body and soul, but also song and dance are not considered as contrary to Xing-Li-Xue educational theory. The various ways of "Cultivation of the fundamental" of Xing-Li-Xue educational theory make people recognize, understand and experience good innate nature of human beings. And we can reach the conclusion that education of Xing-Li-Xue uses so many methods that learner can accept moral value as naturally as possible.
Key Words: Xing-Li-xue, Cultivation of fundamental, Xiao-xue, Quiet sitting, Attention, Moral environment, Propriety
주요어: 성리학, 근본배양, 소학, 정좌, 주의집중, 도덕적 환경,
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