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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 25(3); 2004 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 2004;25(3): 127-140.
연변 조선족 아동의 학교적응에 대한 생태학적 접근
조복희 , 이귀옥 , 박혜원 , 이진숙 , 한세영
School Adjustment of Korean-Chinese Chidren: Ecological Factors in Yanbian
Bok Hee Cho , Kwee Ock Lee , Hye Won Park , Jin Suk Lee , Sae Young Han
The subjects of this study were 258 Korean-Chinese parent-child dyads of an elementary school in Yanbian Province, northeastern China. Research questions covered relationships among children`s school adjustment and ecological factors, significance of factors within ecological levels, and direct and indirect effects in causal relationships. Results showed significant effects within each ecological level. Achievement motivation of the individual system, home environment and social support of the microsystem, and mother`s job satisfaction in the exosystem had significant relationships with children`s school adjustment. Mother`s education and job satisfaction influenced school adjustment through home environment; the causal relationship between social support and school adjustment was mediated by achievement motivation. Personal and general factors from each ecological level were more significant than ethnic related factors in explaining children`s school adjustment.
Key Words: school adjustment, ecological approach, Korean- Chinese children in Yanbian
주요어: 학교적응, 생태학적 접근, 연변 아동
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