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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 24(3); 2003 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 2003;24(3): 151-164.
3~6세 조기중재 아동의 발견을 위한 PKBS(Preschool and Kindergarten Behavior Scales)의 표준화 기초 연구
Developing Preschool and Kindergarten Behavior Scales: Identification of Children Needing Early intervention
Hui Young Chun
The present research aimed to assess the validity, reliability and item discrimination of the Preschool and Kindergarten Behavior Scales(PKBS: Merrell, 1994) for the purpose of identification of young Korean children showing social and emotional problems. The subjects were 306 4-year-old kindergarten children. Their teachers responded to the `social skills` and the `problem behavior` subscales. Statistical analyses were by factor analysis, Pearson`s r and χ^2, Construct validity was composed with 3 factors on both the social skills and the problem behavior subscales. These factors corresponded to the original PKBS factors. Internal consistency and interrelationships of PKBS subscales were meaningful. Reliability of each subscale was high and the item discrimination, χ^2 value and Cramer`s Ⅴ were also meaningful.
Key Words: problem behaviors, externalizing problem, internalizing problem, early intervention
주요어: 문제행동, 외현적 문제, 내재적 문제, 조기중재
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