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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 23(5); 2002 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 2002;23(5): 89-104.
면담자의 인형사용과 질문유형이 5세 유아의 진술에 미치는 영향
송수진 , 이재연
Anatomically-Neutral Dolls and Interviewing Techniques: Effects on the Memory and Suggestibility of 5-Year-Old Eyewitnesses
Su Jin Song , Jae Yeon Lee
Abstract
This investigation compared the eyewitness accounts of 5-uear-old children by verbal-only inter views and interviews using anatomically neutral dolls. The verbal interviews consisted of free recall, specific question, and leading questions. While the overall accuracy of the interviews increased with the introduction of dolls as memory aids, the efficacy of the dolls was not uniform across types of interviews. In free recall, the dolls were not effective in eliciting accurate accounts. The use of dolls also did not compromise the memory of children in free recall which recalled greater number of correct details with the memory aids than without, but it should be careful in free recall could be reported exactly correct in spite of little bit amounts. Responses to leading questions showed that the children were affected by suggestive misleading question and were susceptible to incorporation of that information into their memory.
Key Words: child eyewitness, anatomically-neutral doll, interviewing skills
주요어: 아동증언, 해부학적 중성인형, 면담기술
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