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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 19(2); 1998 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 1998;19(2): 77-96.
학령기 아동의 일상적 생활 스트레스 척도 개발
민하영, 유안진
Development of a Daliy Hassles Scale for School Age Children
Ha Young Min,An Jin Yoo
The purpose of this study was the development of a scale to assess the daily hassles of school age children. The subjects were 398 third and sixth grade children selected from elementary schools in Seoul, Inchon, Taejon, Kwangju and Pusan. Instruments included a questionnaire composed of a 96-item Daily Hassles Coping Scale, demographic questions, a 27-item Children`s Depression Inventory, the 42-item Han & Yoo Daily Hassles Scale for Children, and a 30-item Children`s Behavior Check List for mothers. Mean, %, χ², Cramer`s V, Cronbach`s α, factor analysis and Pearson`s r were used for data analysis. 82 items from the 96-item Daily Hassles Coping Scale were selected through the item discriminant method. (Cramer`s V discriminant coefficients ranged from .36 to .79). Five factors were extracted from the lst and 2nd factor analyses. Subscales were "parent-related," "friend-related I," "study-related," "friend-related II," and "teacher-related" stress. Criterion validity of the 82-item scale was confirmed through significant correlations with the Children`s Depression Inventory (r=.55) and the Han & Yoo Daily Hassles Scale for Children (r=.22). Internal consistency of this scale was high, including internal reliability of subscales. These results confirm this scale as a valid and reliable measure of daily hassles of school age children.
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