| Home | E-Submission | Sitemap | Editorial Office |  
Korean J Child Stud > Volume 17(1); 1996 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 1996;17(1): 5-21.
경쟁 / 협동상황에서의 4 - 5세 아동의 상호작용 관찰 연구
An Observational Study on the Behaviors of 4 - to 5 - Year - Olds in the Cooperative / Competitive Situation
Pan Hee Kim
The purpose of the present study was to investigate how 4-to 5-year-olds approach a competitive/cooperative task to obtain a resource. Sex and age differences were examined for the behavior and resource utilization of this task. The subjects were 74 same-age, mixed sex groups of 4 children each in three kindergartens in a large city. Each group of 4 children were classmates. The children were videotaped in a play situation where one child could view a cartoon movie (i. e. acquiring a resource) with the assistance of two children (one to turn the film tape and one to push the light-button), and the fourth child was a bystander. Time at each position and physical and verbal behavior constitute the data which were analyzed by ANOVA and χ². The results of the time analysis showed that children cooperated quickly and were able to view the cartoon(resource utilization) for a large part of the session. High resource utilizers compared with low resource utilizers, exhibited more self-assertive and helping behaviors. Boys achieved more viewing time while girls were bystanders for a greater amount of time. Boys showed more physical and verbal behaviors during the task. Four-year-olds achieved less viewing time than 5-year-olds, indicating 4-year-olds were less effective in eliciting the help of their peers.
PDF Links  PDF Links
Full text via DOI  Full text via DOI
Download Citation  Download Citation
Related article
An Ecological Study on the Environment of the Children in the Deprived Areas in Seoul  1981 ;2(0)
Editorial Office
The Korean Association of Child Studies
S1433-1, Myongji University,
34 Geobukgol-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 03674, Republic of Korea
TEL: +82-10-7704-8342   E-mail: gochildren@hanmail.net
About |  Browse Articles |  Current Issue |  For Authors and Reviewers
Copyright © The Korean Association of Child Studies.                 Developed in M2PI