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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 14(1); 1993 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 1993;14(1): 109-127.
학령기아동의 친구관계에 따른 대체지지에 관한 연구
최용주, 이재연
Compensatory Support Among Children's Peer Relationships : School Friends , Nonschool Friends , and Sibilings
Yong Joo Choi,Jae Yaon Lee
This study examined compensatory patterns of support among three types of children`s peer relationships: school friendships, nonschool friendships, and sibling relationships. Specifically, this study investigated (1) the degree to which children with unsupportive school friendships turn to nonschool friends and siblings to compensate for the provisions they lack from school friends, and (2) the potential protective effects of substitute support on such children`s adjustment. Subjects for this study were drawn from a sample of 297 sixth graders attending 3 public schools in Seoul. 6 teachers and 594 of parents of subjects also participated in the study. Subjects completed their questionnaires in their own classroom. The teachers and parents completed their forms within 1 week. The data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Scheffe′ test. The results of this study were as follows: (a) When compared with the average, aggressive children and isolated children perceived their school friendship as low support. (b) Isolated, aggressive, and average children differed in their perceptions of support from nonschool friends and their favorite siblings. (c) The children who have unsupportive school friendships experienced greater socioemotional difficulties than did children with supportive school friendships. (d) The extent that sibling and nonschool friends provided the support lacking in their school friendships, isolated and aggressive children experienced diminished emotional distress.
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