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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 12(1); 1991 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 1991;12(1): 38-51.
아동의 공격성과 행위자 유형에 따른 갈등 결과예상에 대한 연구
장화정
Friendship and Aggressiveness as Determinants of Conflict Outcomes in Middle Childhood
Hwa Jeong Jang
Abstract
This study investigated (1) the relation of aggressiveness to the outcome of conflict, intentional attribution, predicted response, and (2) friendship as a variable affecting intentional attribution and predicted response. The subjects are 78 fifth grade boys selected from a public elementary school located in Seoul. The children were individually tested by the researcher who read the items to the child. Dodge and Somberg`s aggression questionnaire and Dodge and Frame`s conflict outcome of ambiguosly intended stories were modified for use in this study. The instigator of aggression in the stories was classified as friend or non-friend and aggressive non-friend or nonaggressive non-friend. Two-way analyses of variance involving one between-subjects factor (aggression of subject) and one within-subjects factor (instigator combination) were performed on children`s responses to three of the scales (hostile, neutral, positive). The results show that (1) there were differences in intentional attribution to the children`s aggressiveness, regardless of the friendship status of the instigator, and (2) the predicted response to aggressiveness varied with type of instigator.
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