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 Korean J Child Stud > Volume 6(1); 1985 > Article
 Korean Journal of Child Studies 1985;6(1): 17-40.
 한국 아동의 부정사 획득 이순형 The Acquisition of Negatives in Five Korean Children Soon Hyung Yi Abstract This study investigated Korean childrens early acquisition of negatives and focused on four research questions: 1) processing of negative variations; 2) the nature of negatives when negatives are completely acquired in Korean (in which meaning and form are matched in one to one mapping); 3) the validity of Bellugis negative acquisition model in Korean; and 4) the cause of childs erroneous sentence production: limited ability or regularity in childrens cognition. The language data of the five subjects (age span; 1.1 - 3.11)were collected by their parents in the natural setting of the home. The results showed that 1) the pivot form, was processed in many ways from a simple to a complicated form, such as <(x+x) + N> <(x+x) ＋ N,Y> <(x+x) N,(y+y)>. It appeared that the children used a simple negative format to reach a one-step advanced negative format. 2) Korean negatives are divided into range of negation in the negative sentence (part or whole), strength of negation (absolute or general), functions of meaning (negation, absences, refusal, prohibition, impossibility). All five children acquired negative sentences in all functions and the complete range after 3 years of age. 3) In spite of the differences in age level, Bellugis four stage model was in evidence; that is, Korean childrens negative acquisition was almost identical with Bellugis tour stage model in deep structure. 4) Analyses of childrens error sentences showed that the sentences with errors were made not because of the childrens limitation in cognitive ability but because of the strict application of regularity of rules from the original grammars. Consequently, the children produced negative sentences using two rules: the rule of additive complexity (from simple to complex) and the rule of division (from one to several).
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