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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 1; 1980 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 1980;1: 28-39.
부모 - 자녀관계 및 출생순위와 창의성간의 상관관계 연구
The Study of Correlation between Parent - Child Relationship , Birth Order , and Creavity
Young Nam Kim
I. OBJECTIVES The aim of this study lies in examining following items: 1. Difference in creativity between boys and girls 2. Inter correlation of the sub-variables of creativity 3. Correlation between parent-child relationship and creativity 4. The relationship between creativity and number of siblings 5. Creativity and birth-order II. METHODS & PROCED URES 1. Instruments: Standardized Creativity Test and Parent-Child Relationship Test for children 2. Objects: 118 boys and 97 girls enrolled in primary schools in Seoul who were selected by random sampling 3. Procedure: (1) The data of the boy group and the girl group were analized by means of M,t, SD. (2)The relationships between creativity and the number of siblings as well as the relationship between creativity and birth order were analyzed by M. (3) Inter-correlations among the sub-factors of creativity were obtained in boys and girls. (4) Complex-correlations between creativity and parent child relationship were produced. III. RESULTS 1. There were no significant differences between boy and girl in creativity. 2. Inter correlation among the sub-factors of creativity Boy: The highest scores were obtained in fluidity, and adaptability, the lowest in originality and openness. Girl: The highest score were obtained in world scribbling and fluidity, the comparatively low were in originality and a match-problem. 3. Inter-correlation between creativity and parent-child relationship a. Father-son: The positive refusal type has the most significant relation and conflict type, discrepancy type, negative type in turn have significant inter-coorelations. b. Mother-son: Discrepancy type, conflict type, positive refusal type have high correlations, while negative refusal type, anticipation type, and anxiety show significance in 5% level. c. Father-daughter: Positive refusal type shows correlation of 5% level significance, while indulgence type shows negative correlation in 1% level significance. d. Mother-daughter: Discrepancy type shows 5% level significance, while indulgence type shows negative correlation in 1% level. 4. Concerning the number of siblings, it was found that, boys and girls alike, those grown among 3 or 5 showed most creativity. 5. Concerning the birth order, it was found that, boys and girls alike, the first child showed the most creativity, and the youngest showed the next to the most, while the middle showed the least creativity.
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