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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 35(4); 2014 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 2014;35(4): 79-101.
doi: https://doi.org/10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.4.79
한국판 유아 행동 척도-2(Korean Preschool Kindergarten Behavior Scale-2: PKBS-2) 타당화 연구
유수옥 , 이기성 , 하승민 , 박수경
A Study on Validating the Korean Version of the Preschool and Kindergarten Behavior Scale-2(K-PKBS-2)
Soo Ok Yoo , Gi Sung Lee , Seung Min Ha , Soo Kyung Park
The purpose of this study was validate the Preschool and Kindergarten Behavior Scale-2(PKBS-2) and develop the Korean version PKBS-2(K-PKBS-2) through the phases of concept and statistical review. For this purpose, this study conducted PKBS-2 for teachers with 1,119 young children in Jeonbuk province. During the factor structure review, according to the results of exploratory factor analysis, 30 items and 4 factors(social interaction, social cooperation, social compliance, and social independence) in social skills scale and 40 items and 4 sub-factors of 3 factors(internalizing behavior, externalizing behavior, and interpersonal emotional behavior) in problem behavior scale were extracted. In addition, confirmatory factor analysis, the model fits of social skills and problem behavior scales were higher than the original test and very high reliability and internal consistency were produced. During external factor review, convergent validity and discriminant validity were verified. After cultural specificity and cultural universality between PKBS-2 and K-PKBS-2 were discussed, K-PKBS-2 was presented as e scale which is very useful for the screening, prevention, and intervention program plan of challenging behavior behaviors in young children in Korea.
Key Words: social skills, problem behaviors, PKBS-2, validity.
주요어: 사회적 기술, 문제행동, 유아 행동 척도-2, 타당도
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