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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 23(1); 2002 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 2002;23(1): 105-119.
조선시대 회화에 묘사된 아동의 양육과 생활
최기영,이정미
Child - Rearing Practices and Activities of Children Depicted in Traditional Paintings of the Chosun Period
Kee Young Choi,Choung Mee Lee
Abstract
This study of child-rearing practices and daily activities of children during the Chosun dynasty was conducted through analysis of 91 traditional paintings of the period. Genre, figure, folk, and landscape paintings were included in the analysis. Findings were that child-rearing was strongly focused on the family. Generally, the mother was shown as the primary caregiver of the child. Grandmother, father, and grandfather also played a role in raising the child. The daily activities of the children consisted of helping with household chores, assisting the elderly, doing small jobs, studying, playing, performing for family members, and participating in family rituals and community events. Differences in child-rearing methods and contents of daily activities varied by gender and socio-economic status.
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