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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 15(1); 1994 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 1994;15(1): 71-90.
가정환경과 아동의 자기 - 효능감간의 인과모형 탐색
우희정, 이숙
Investigation on Causal Relationships between Home Environment and Children's Self - efficary
Hee Jung Woo,Sook Lee
This study investigated sex differences in children`s self-efficacy and causal relationships between children`s self-efficacy and home environment. The home environment factors included mother`s efficacy, marital satisfaction, child rearing attitudes, and socio-economic status. The subjects were 491 fifth and sixth grade children and their mothers. The data were analyzed by t-test using the SAS PC^+ program and covariance structural analysis using the PC-LISREL VI. The results showed that there were no sex differences in children`s global self-efficacy level, but there were sex differences in some subfactors. Furthermore, we found that the same causal model appears for both sexs in the relationship between home environment and children`s self-efficacy. That is, socio-economic status of the home and mother`s psychological factors influenced mother`s attitudes for child rearing which had a direct impact on children`s self-efficacy.
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