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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 12(1); 1991 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 1991;12(1): 21-37.
아동의 상위기억과 책략훈련에 관한 연구
정현주, 이영
Effects of Metamemory and Mnemonic Strategy Training on Children's Performance
Hyun Joo Chung,Young Lee
Abstract
The present research studied the effectiveness of specific strategy training in memory awareness on children`s memory performance. The subjects were 60 children, 30 six - year- olds and 30 eight- year - olds. Free recall scores and use of a rehearsal strategy (exposure durations) based on Belmont & Butterfield (1971) were used to measure children`s performance in three memory tasks. All subjects were randomly assigned to one of three experimental groups: the control group with no training, the chunking and rehearsal strategy training group, and the chunking and rehearsal strategy training combined with memory awareness strategy. The data were analyzed with two- way ANOVA, three - way ANOVA with repeated measures, and Student-Newman-Keuls post hoc test. There were significant differences among the three groups both in the free recall score and in the use of the rehearsal strategy. The mnemonic strategic training with memory awareness strategy was the most effective on both free recall and use of rehearsal strategy. The effects of the mnemonic strategy training with memory awareness strategy were more effective for the 8 - year - olds than the 6- year - olds.
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