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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 40(5); 2019 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 2019;40(5): 69-82.
doi: https://doi.org/10.5723/kjcs.2019.40.5.69
어머니의 양육민감성과 유아의 학교준비도 간의 관계에서 양육스트레스, 유아의 기질 및 정서조절능력의 매개효과
심미경1 , 우주영2
1인제대학교 유아교육과 교수
2나사렛대학교 심리재활학과 부교수
The Mediating Effects of Parenting Stress, Child’s Temperament and Emotional Regulation in the Relationship Between Mother’s Parenting Sensitivity and Child’s School Readiness
Mi Kyung Shim1 , Ju Young Woo2
1Professor, Department of Early Childhood Education, Inje University, Kimhae, Korea
2Associate Professor, Department of Psychological Rehabilitation, Korea Nazarene University, Cheonan, Korea
Correspondence :  Ju Young Woo ,Email: wjy0207@hanmail.net
Received: August 31, 2019  Revised: September 27, 2019   Accepted: October 11, 2019
The study was conducted to verify the mediating effects of parenting stress, child’s temperament, and emotional regulation on the relationship between mothers’ parenting sensitivity and preschoolers’ school readiness.
Questionnaires were distributed among a total of 400 parents and 286 teachers, finally each of 271 were analyzed, from 12 institutes of early childhood education in K area. The model was tested using the SPSS and AMOS programs.
First, mothers’ parenting sensitivity had a direct impact on parenting stress, the child’s temperament, and emotional regulation. Second, the mother’s parenting stress had a direct effect on child’s emotional regulation, but child’s temperament had no effect on it. Third, parenting sensitivity partially mediated the effect of parenting stress, and parenting stress had a serial multiple mediating effect on school readiness, through mediating child’s emotional regulation. Parenting sensibility also affected school readiness through mediating child’s emotional regulation. Fourth, parenting stress influenced school readiness by fully mediating child’s emotional regulation. However, child’s temperament did not affect emotional regulation, and had no mediating effect on school readiness through emotional regulation.
The higher the mother’s parenting sensitivity, the lower the rate at which parenting stress increases. This, then, continuously led to the increase of child’s emotional regulation. This, in turn, had a more positive impact on school readiness. In addition, this study found that mothers’ parenting sensitivities enhance the child’s emotional regulation and improves their school readiness.
Key Words: parenting sensitivity, school readiness, parenting stress, temperament, emotional regulation
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