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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 35(4); 2014 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 2014;35(4): 179-198.
doi: https://doi.org/10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.4.179
어머니의 우울과 양육행동이 유아의 외현화 문제행동에 미치는 영향
도현심 , 신나나 , 박보경 , 김민정 , 김혜인
The Effects of Mothers` Depression and Parenting Behavior on Preschoolers` Externalizing Problem Behaviors
Hyun Sim Doh , Nan A Shin , Bo Kyung Park , Min Jung Kim , Hye In Kim
Abstract
The main purpose of this study was to examine direct and indirect effects of mothers` depression on preschoolers` externalizing problem behaviors. A total of 155 mothers with preschoolers aged 3 and 4 years (83 boys and 72 girls) living in Seoul participated in this study. Mothers completed questionnaires on mothers` depression, parenting behavior, and preschoolers` externalizing problem behaviors. Direct and indirect pathways from mothers` depression to preschoolers` externalizing problem behaviors were analyzed using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). First, it was revealed that mothers` depression did not directly affect preschoolers` externalizing problem behaviors. Second, mothers` depression indirectly influenced preschoolers` externalizing problem behaviors through mothers` parenting behavior. Mothers who reported higher levels of depression showed less warmth/acceptance and more rejection/restriction towards their children, which led to higher levels of preschoolers` externalizing problem behaviors. These findings emphasize the importance of positive parenting by mothers in reducing preschoolers` problem behaviors.
Key Words: mothers` depression, mothers` parenting behavior, preschoolers` externalizing problem behaviors
주요어: 어머니의 우울, 어머니의 양육행동, 유아의 외현화 문제행동
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