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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 35(3); 2014 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 2014;35(3): 137-156.
doi: https://doi.org/10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.3.137
초등학교 6학년 아동이 지각하는 일상적 스트레스가 주관적 안녕감에 미치는 영향에서 낙관적 사고의 중재효과
노지운 , 신나나
The Moderating Effect of Optimistic Thinking on the Relationship between Sixth-Grade Elementary School Children`s Daily Hassles and Subjective Well-Being
Jee Un Noh , Nana Shin
Abstract
The current study examined the relations between sixth-grade elementary school children`s perceptions of daily hassles, optimistic thinking, and subjective well-being. This study also investigated the moderating effect of optimistic thinking on the relationship between daily hassles and subjective well-being. A total of 474 sixth-grade elementary school children participated in this study. First, children`s daily hassles were negatively related to optimistic thinking and subjective well-being. As children perceived higher levels of daily hassles, they showed lower levels of optimistic thinking and subjective well-being. Children`s optimistic thinking was positively related to subjective well-being. Second, children`s optimistic thinking moderated the relations between daily hassles and subjective well-being. Specifically, for children with higher levels of optimistic thinking, their subjective well-being decreased with increasing levels of daily hassles related to parents and teachers. However, for children with lower levels of optimistic thinking, there was no relation between daily hassles and subjective well-being. These findings suggest that optimistic thinking could be an important means by which we could improve children`s subjective well-being, especially when they experience higher levels of daily hassles.
Key Words: daily hassles, optimistic thinking, subjective well-being, sixth-grade elementary school children
주요어: 일상적 스트레스, 낙관적 사고, 주관적 안녕감, 초등학교 6학년 아동
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