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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 35(1); 2014 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 2014;35(1): 61-76.
doi: https://doi.org/10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.1.61
완벽주의와 인지적 정서조절 전략이 시험불안에 미치는 영향
정아현 , 강민주
The Effects of Perfectionism and Cognitive-Emotion Regulation Strategies on Test Anxiety
A Hyun Jung , Min Ju Kang
Abstract
This study examined the effects of perfectionism and cognitive-emotion regulation strategies on the test anxiety. The participants in this study were 423(227 boys, 196 girls) 6th graders recruited from four elementary schools in Seoul, Korea. The participants completed the Test Anxiety Inventory-Korea(Kim, 1991), the Child and Adolescent Perfectionism Scale(CAPS; Flett at al, 2000), and the Cognitive-Emotion Regulation Questionnaire(CERQ; Garnefski, 2001). The results of this study were as follows. First, self-oriented perfectionism and socially prescribed perfectionism were both positively associated with test anxiety. Additionally, the children who used more adaptive cognitive-emotion regulation strategies reported lower test anxiety, whereas the children who used more maladaptive cognitive-emotion regulation strategies reported higher test anxiety. Secondly, there was an interactional effect between self-oriented perfectionism and maladaptive cognitive-emotion regulation strategies on test anxiety. Lastly, socially prescribed perfectionism and cognitive-emotion regulation strategies had a significant effect on children`s test anxiety. However, there were no interactional effects observed between socially prescribed perfectionism and cognitive-emotion regulation strategies on test anxiety.
Key Words: test anxiety, self-oriented perfectionism, socially prescribed perfectionism, adaptive cognitive-emotion regulation strategy, maladaptive cognitive-emotion regulation strategy
주요어: 시험불안, 자기 지향적 완벽주의, 사회부과적 완벽주의, 적응적 인지 정서조절 전략, 부적응적 인지 정서조절 전략
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