Korean J Child Stud > Volume 34(3); 2013 > Article
 Korean Journal of Child Studies 2013;34(3): 1-19. doi: https://doi.org/10.5723/KJCS.2013.34.3.1
 만 2세 영아-어머니, 영아-아버지의 그림책 읽기행동 및 가정문해환경과 영아의 어휘력 간의 관계 임수경 , 김명순 The relationship between Parents Book Reading Behavior and Home Literacy Enviroment and Their Effect on a Toddlers Vocabulary Lim Su Kyung , Myoung Soon Kim Abstract The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between parents behavior during picture-book reading and home literacy environment and their effect on toddlers vocabulary. The subjects of the study were 46 toddlers and their parents. The MCDI-K(Im,2002), Lee and Kim(2004)s categories of Verbal Behaviors, the categories of Nonverbal Analysis(Kim,2005), and the Home Literacy environment Index(Han,2006) were used. The analysis of the collected data was guided by the research questions and involved the use of descriptive statistics, t-test and an analysis of relevant correlations. The results of this study were as follows; First, the toddlers receptive vocabulary score was 1.2 times higher than the toddlers expressive vocabulary score, Second, the fathers book reading behaviors and mothers book reading behaviors were quite similar, the most frequent types of behavior being the use of feedback, explanation questioning and pionting. On the other hand, there was a significant difference between the reading behavior of the mother and father as regards the categories of linguistic attertion, suggesting, directing(instructing), expanding feedback, pointing and gesture. Mothers performend more of these behaviors than the fathers. Third, toddlers vocabulary scores were positively correlated with the mothers linguistic attention ventilation. However, the mothers ues of restriction was negatively cottelated with the toddlers vocabulary level. Toddlers vocabulary scores were positively correlated with the fathers description reasoning/predicting, questioning about function or action, demanding feedback and pointing. The toddlers vocabulary scores were also positively correlated with the relative abundance of home environment materials and the amount of time spent on parent-child home literacy acticity. Key Words: toddlers vocabulary ability, fathers book reading behavior, mothers book reading behavior 주요어: 영아의 어휘력, 아버지의 그림책읽기 행동, 어머니의 그림책읽기 행동mother`s book reading behavior, 가정문해환경
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