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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 33(5); 2012 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 2012;33(5): 53-70.
doi: https://doi.org/10.5723/KJCS.2012.33.5.53
과제 제시방법에 따른 유아의 공간표상
민미희 , 이순형
Spatial Representation on the Part of Young Children according to Task Conditions
Mi Hee Min , Soon Hyung Yi
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of task conditions (physical similarity between the spatial product and the reference space, presentation place of the spatial product) on children`s spatial representation. The participants consisted of 40 3-year-olds and 40 4-year-olds. The results of this study are as follows. Both 3-year-olds and 4-year-olds were capable of a greater degree of spatial representation when there was a high level of physical similarity between the spatial product and the reference space, and when the presentation place of the spatial product was in the reference space. 4-year-olds were capable of more accurate spatial representation than 3-year-olds. There was no significant difference in the children`s spatial representation depending on the type of spatial product (scale model, map). The results revealed that the physical similarity between the spatial product and the reference space and the presentation place of the spatial product are essential in young children`s spatial representation. Additionally, the results indicated that spatial representation of children develops gradually from when they are three to when they turn four.
Key Words: spatial representation, task conditions, physical similarity between the spatial product and the reference space, presentation place of the spatial product
주요어: 공간표상, 과제 제시방법, 표상물과 참조공간의 유사성, 표상물 제시 장소
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