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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 32(3); 2011 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 2011;32(3): 59-76.
doi: https://doi.org/10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.3.59
유아의 기질, 유아-어머니 조화적합성이 유아의 자기지각에 미치는 영향
장유진 , 이강이
The Effect of a Child`s Temperament, Child-mother Goodness of Fit and a Child`s Self-perception
Yu Jin Jang , Kang Yi Lee
The purpose of this study was to investigate how a child`s temperament and child-mother goodness of fit affect the child`s self-perception. 165 pairs of 5-year-old children and their mothers were recruited. The mothers were asked to answer the questionnaire on her child`s temperament and goodness of fit. Each child participated in a semi-structured interview using two identical puppets to measure the children`s self-perception. The results of this study were: (1) All of mean scores on the dimensions of children`s self-perception were above the median, children in this study perceived themselves positively. (2) Children`s positive self-perception was significantly related to harmonious children-mother goodness of fit. (3) The effect of goodness of fit was higher than temperament in all dimensions of self-perception. The sex variable also affects aggression-hostility and academic competence. This study suggests that the effect of goodness of fit was higher than that of temperament, and the importance of a harmonious children-mother relationship and parenting education, and these conclusions were reached by examining the outstanding effect of the goodness of fit.
Key Words: self-perception, temperament, goodness of fit
주요어: 자기지각, 기질, 조화적합성
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