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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 23(6); 2002 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 2002;23(6): 33-47.
생성 조건과 과제의 난이도가 아동의 회상에 미치는 영향
김정은 , 최경숙
Effects of Conditions of Generation and Degree of Task Difficulty in Children`s Recall
Jung Eun Kim , Kyoung Sook Choi
Abstract
This study examined the effects of conditions of generation(0, 1, or 2 cognitive operations) and task difficulty in children`s recall. Subjects were 40 children in each age group, 8-year-olds and 10-year-olds. Each subject was shown 12 simple or difficult multiplication problems in one of the conditions of generation. After a buffer task, subjects were required to recall correct answers to the problems in random order. The data were analyzed by ANOVA and simple main effect analyses. Results showed that generation effect(GE) occurred among children younger than 12, and GE improved with age. Learning from cognitive operations was more effective than learning through simple repetition. Easier tasks led to greater GE, a phenomenon explained by procedures used in this study.
Key Words: generation effect, cognitive operation, degree of task difficulty
주요어: 생성 효과, 인지적 조작, 과제의 난이도
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