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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 22(4); 2001 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 2001;22(4): 133-147.
한국 아동의 성인 및 또래 권위에 대한 개념 연구
김정민
Korean Children`s Concepts of Adult and Peer Authority
Jung Min Kim
Abstract
The primary purpose of this research was to examine Korean childrens concepts of authority. Childrens judgments about commands of persons with varying age, social position, and knowledge were assessed. 48 subjects from the first, third, and fifth grades were presented with portrayals of persons giving children commands regarding two types of events: fighting and a game rule dispute. Subjects evaluated the legitimacy of commands and chose between different persons giving opposing commands. With regard to a command to stop fighting, subjects accepted the legitimacy of adult and peer authorities, as well as an adult without a position of authority. Subjects rejected commands that failed to prevent harm even when given by an adult authority. With regard to a game rule dispute, subjects most heavily weighted knowledge in evaluating the authority commands. The findings show that Korean children do not have a unitary orientation to adult authority, and have implications for an understanding of individuals` conceptions in the context of a cultural ideology emphasizing reverence for authority.
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