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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 20(2); 1999 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 1999;20(2): 21-40.
저소득층 가족의 경제적 어려움이 아동의 자존감에 미치는 영향
어주경,정문자
Variables Influencing Children's Self - Esteem in Low Income Families
Joo Kyeong Eo,Moon Ja Chung
Abstract
Path analysis was used to determine variables influencing the self-esteem of 222 4th, 5th, and 6th grade children in law-income families. The children and their mothers responded to questionnaires on self-esteem, child psychological traits, mother psychological characteristics, economic hardship, and child rearing practices. Mothers` warmth-acceptance child rearing behavior was facilitating of children`s self-esteem. However, mothers` economic stress had an indirect impact via their depression on decrease in the warmth-acceptance variable. Permissive-nonintervention child rearing behavior decreased the level of children`s self-esteem. However, mothers` depression and marital confilct(??) deriving from economic stress increased both rejection-restriction and permissive-nonintervention styles of child rearing. Mothers who experienced much stress due to economic hardship influnced(??) children`s perception of their family`s poverty and thereby lowered their children`s self-esteem.
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