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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 18(2); 1997 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 1997;18(2): 131-148.
애착 Q - set의 국내 준거 개발 연구
이영, 박경자, 나유미
A Study on the development of Criterion Scores for the Attachment Q - set in Korea
Young Lee,Kyung Ja Park,Yu Mee Rah
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to develop criterion scores for the Korean version of the Attachment Q-set. It further examined distribution of security of attachment scores of Korean infants and differences in attachment scores by the cultural background. The criterion scores of attachment security were developed by 8 judges who are knowledgable in attachment theory and research. They used the Q-set to describe behavior characteristics of ideally secure infants of 12 and 36 months of age. Distribution of the attachment scores was analyzed with 191 infants, compiled from 4 studies including infants selected for this study. The attachment security criterion scores developed for Korean infants correlated highly with the Waters` criterion scores (1987) for American infants, .90 for 12 months and .88 for 36 months of age. Correlations between attachment scores developed for 12-and 36-month-olds was .89. The attachment security scores of the Korean version was a little higher and more negatively skewed than scores calculated using the American criterion. There were significant differences in the security of attachment scores by socioeconomic background of the infants, but not with employment status of the mothers. Infants of nonemployed middle class mothers had significantly higher security of attachment scores than infants of nonemployed lower class mothers. Infants from lower class families had higher "difficulty" scores, and "enjoying physical contact" scores were higher among infants from the middle class.
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