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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 15(1); 1994 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 1994;15(1): 187-203.
양성적 부모의 양육행동과 아동의 자기역량감에 관한 연구
공인숙, 최연실
A Study on Androgynous Parent's Child - rearing Practices and Children's Self - Perceived Competence
In Sook Kong,Youn Shil Choi
Abstract
This study investigated the relation of androgynous parent`s child-rearing practices to children`s self-perceived competence by comparison of the effectiveness of androgynous people as parents compared with parents who are other-typed in their sex-role identity. The subjects were 362 third and sixth grade children and their parents selected from two elementary schools in Seoul. The instruments were a children`s self-perceived competence scale, a perception of maternal warmth and control scale, a perception of paternal warmth and control scale, parent`s self-esteem scale, and parent`s sex-role identity scale. Frequencies, percentiles, mean, χ² test, two way-ANOVA, one way-ANOVA, Cronbach`s α and Scheffe′-test were used for data-analysis. The major findings showed that (1) Androgynous and masculine fathers had higher self-esteem than feminine or undifferentiated fathers. Androgynous, masculine, and feminine mothers had higher self-esteem than undifferentiated mothers. (2) There was no difference in children`s perception of parental warmth and control as related to parent`s sex-role identity. Androgynous parents were not more likely to be authoritative parents. (3) Sons of androgynous parents had higher self-perceived competence than those of sex-typed parents, while daughters of sex-typed parents had higher self-perceived competence than those of androgynous parents.
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