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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 15(1); 1994 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 1994;15(1): 145-157.
기질과 환경 간의 조화로운 합치모델 검증연구 (2) - 조화로운 합치와 아동의 자기능력 지각 -
A Test of Goodness of Fit Between Temperament and Context (2) : Goodness of Fit and Children's Perceived Competence
Young Hee Choi
This research focused on the examination of a "Goodness of Fit" model with reference to the interaction effects of temperament and context. Two hundred forty 5th graders from urban and rural areas were administered the EAS (Emotionality, Activity, Sociability) and the Perceived Competence scales. The degree of satisfaction of mothers with their children`s temperament was assessed for the context measure. Results of hierarchical multiple regression analyses showed that the interaction of children`s emotion and mothers` satisfaction with children`s emotion explained perceived social competence and general self-worth. This result supported the goodness of fit model. However, interaction effects were not found in children`s perception of cognitive and physical competence. Also, children`s activity and sociability showed strong main effects on perceived competence. It implies that activity and sociability should be applied to the personological model. The implication of the findings for following studies of goodness of fit model were discussed.
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