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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 15(1); 1994 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 1994;15(1): 127-144.
아동 후기에서 청소년기에 이르는 성역할발달에 관한 연구 - 성역할 고정관념 , 성역할 이데올로기 , 성역할 정체감 , 자아존중감간의 관계를 중심으로 -
Sex - Role Development in Late Childhood and Adolescence : - Relationships among Sex - Role Stereotypes , Sex - Role Ideology , Sex - Role Identity , and Self - Esteem
Ka Hyo Yoo
The purpose of this study was to identify intrapsychic processes of self socialization in sex role development during late childhood and adolescence. For this purpose I investigated the sex-role stereotypes, sex-role ideology, sex-role identity, and self- esteem of 6th, 8th, and 10th graders and examined the causal relationships among these sex-role variables. Data were gathered through questionnaires administered twice with an interval of three months. The methods of analysis were one-way ANOVA, χ², and multiple regression. The results showed, (1) Adolescents` sex-role stereotypes had significant relationships with sex typing. Subjects with low scores on sex-role stereotypes were more likely to show opposite sex typing. (2) Sex-role ideologies had significant relationships with sex typing. As Subjects agreed more with egalitarianism, they were more likely to exhibit opposite sex typing. (3) Adolescents` sex typing had significant relationships with their self-esteem. The androgynous group exhibited the highest scores on self-esteem. (4) Path analysis from the multiple regression analysis indicated different processes between sexes in sex-role development. In the boys` sex-role development, it was found that only masculinity contributed to self-esteem. Girls` masculinity also contributed most to self-esteem, but other sex-role variables such as femininity and sex-role stereotypes made some contributions to girls` self-esteem.
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