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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 14(1); 1993 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 1993;14(1): 129-139.
아동의 자아존중감 : 구성영역과 발달
김희화, 김경연
Children's Self - Esteem : Dimensions and Development
Hee Haw Kim,Kyong Yun Kim
Abstract
The purpose of this study was (1) to explore the dimensions of children`s self-esteem and (2) to explain the development of children`s self-esteem through a short-term longitudinal approach. 219 children in 1st, 3rd, and 5th grades participated twice once each year over a 2 year period. Factor analysis, Pearson`s correlation, Cronbach alpha, pairs t-test, and MANOVA were conducted. Instruments used in this study were made by present researchers. The results showed that (1) children`s self-esteem consisted of the cognitive-competence self, peer-related self, teacher-related self, family self, negative self, and physically competent self: (2) the lst and 2nd grade children`s self-esteem was higher than that of 3rd-6th grade children and the 3rd grade children`s self-esteem changed little until they reached 5th grade, but the 6th grade children`s self-esteem decreased.
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