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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 11(1); 1990 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 1990;11(1): 58-71.
어머니의 자아존중감 및 양육태도와 학동기 자녀의 자아존중감과의 관계연구
손화희, 윤종희
The Relationships Among Maternal Behavior , Self - Esteem & Their Elementary School Children's Self - Esteem
Hwa Hee Son,Chong Hee Yoon
Abstract
The purpose of the study was to investigate the mother-child interactions in terms of maternal child-rearing behavior, maternal self-esteem, and their school-age children`s self-esteem. The subjects were, all living in the Seoul area. A pre-test. was conducted twice on 98 subjects. Each time the values of Chronbach`s α were obtained on maternal behavior, maternal self-esteem and children`s self-esteem. Data analysis was by ANOVA, Pearson`s product-moment correlation, multiple regression analysis, Chronbach`s α , and factor analysis. Children`s self-esteem was positively related (1) to family background factors: educational level, employment status of mothers, social economic status, and number of siblings (2) to maternal self-esteem and (3) to maternal child-rearing behavior in the dimensions of affection, acceptance, and encouragement of independency. Children`s self-esteem was negatively related to maternal child-rearing behavior in the dimensions of hostility, rejection and encouragement of dependency. The relative importance of independent variables on children`s self-esteem was found to be in the following order: mother`s educational level. social economic status, and number of siblings (β=0.5935, p< .001), maternal child-rearing behavior in the affection-hostility dimension (β=0.0849, p< .001), and in the acceptance-rejection dimension(β=0.0365, p< .05). The regression model showed that 25 percent of the children`s self-esteem could be accounted for by family background factors, and maternal child-rearing behavior in the affection-hostility dimension and the acceptance-rejection dimension (R²=0.25).
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