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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 11(1); 1990 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 1990;11(1): 100-114.
시설아동의 학문적 자아개념과 귀인성향에 관한 연구
장희순, 이영
Scholastic Self - Concept And Attribution Tendencies Of Institutionalized Children
Hee Soon Chang,Young Lee
Abstract
The present research investigated scholastic self-concepts and attribution tendencies of institutionalized children in comparison with home-reared children. The subjects were 286 institutionalized and 327 home-reared fifth, sixth, seventh, and eighth grade children. Instruments were the Scholastic Self-concept Test(Park, Lee, & Cho, 1980), the Attribution Tendency Test(Lee, 1983) and a questionnaire constructed by the researcher. Data were analyzed by ANOVA, Duncan`s Test of Multiple Comparsion, and product-moment correlation coefficient(r). Findings showed that (1) the scholastic self-concept of institutionalized children was lower than that of home-reared children; (2) higher scholastic self-concept of institutionalized children was correlated with (ⅰ) higher degree of contentment with the institution, (ⅱ) shorter length of residence in the institution, and (ⅲ) older age at admission to the institution; (3) institutionalized children attributed achievement more to uncontrollable, external factors, while home-reared children attributed achievement more to controllable, internal factors; (4) institutionalized children with a lower degree of contentment with the institution attributed achievement to luck while those with a higher degree of contentment attributed achievement to ability; and (5) the higher the scholastic self-concept, the higher the tendency to attribute achievement to internal, controllable factors, and the lower the scholastic self-concept, the higher the tendency to attribute achievement to external, uncontrollable factors.
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