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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 7(2); 1986 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 1986;7(2): 33-53.
부모역할에 대한 책임의식 - 아버지와 어머니의 차이 -
방은령
Perceptions of Parental Role Responsibilities : Differences Between Fathers and Mothers
Eun Ryung Bang
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to investigate parents` perceptions of parental role responsibilities and to examine how these are influenced by parent`s sex and child`s sex. A total 320 subjects who have preschool or elementary school children (fathers, 151 : mothers, 169) were randomly selected from nursery school, kindergarten, elementary schools in Seoul. The Perceptions of Parental Role Responsibilities Scales (PPRS) of Gilbert and Hanson (1983) was translated and supplemented by the investigator and employed in this study. The obtained data were analyzed by Two-way MANOVA, Univariate F-test, and One-way MANOVA. The results of this study showed that: 1. In Cognitive Development (CD), Handling of Emotions (HE), Social Skills (SoS), Personal Hygiene (PeH), Health Care (HC), Material (M), Meeting the Emotional Needs (EN) and Child Care (CC), mothers perceived higher parental role responsibilities than fathers did, and in Physical Health (PhH), fathers were higher than mothers. 2. In HE, Survival Skills (SuS), and M, mothers perceived higher parental role responsibilities toward daughters than sons. 3. In HE, SuS, M, EN and CC, fathers perceived higher parental role responsibilities toward daughters than sons, and they were higher in SoS and PhH, toward sons than daughters.
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