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Korean J Child Stud > Volume 6(1); 1985 > Article
Korean Journal of Child Studies 1985;6(1): 41-59.
창의성 검사의 타당화를 위한 일 연구 - Torrance 창의적 사고력 검사 ( TTCT ) 를 중심으로 -
조성연
The Validation of a Test of Creativity : The Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking ( TTCT )
Song Yon Cho
Abstract
The present research investigated the validity and reliability of the Verbal and Figural tests of the Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking(TTCT). Its potential as a basis of normative data, and differences in children`s sex and grade in school were also examined. The subjects of this study were 360 children (180 boys, 180 girls) enrolled in two public elementary schools grades 1-6. Pearson`s product-moment coefficient and two-way analysis of variance were used for analyzing data collected from these tests. The present research showed a coefficient of concurrent validity of the TTCT-Verbal test of .40. The coefficient of equivalence from reliability between the TTCT-Verbal test and TTCT-Figural test was .65 (p<.01). Regarding the coefficient of interscorer reliability, the total score of the TTCT-Verbal test was .86 and that of the TTCT-Figural test was .95. The coefficient of intrascorer reliability on the total score of the TTCT-Verbal test was .93 and that of the TTCT-Figural test was .96. Generally, score reliability was .86 to .96 in total score but there were great differences in the reliability of sub-factor scores. There were no significant differences between boys and girls in the distribution of scores on the TTCT-Verbal test and the TTCT-Figural test. There were significant differences between grades (p<.01) on the distribution of total scores and subfactor scores of the TTCT-Verbal Test.
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